Renouncing the Inheritance Against Fair Financial Compensation
If you have inherited in Germany but are not the only beneficiary, you may get tied up in the administration of such a German estate for years, because under German succession law, there is no personal representative (i.e. executor or administrator). Instead, the co-heirs (Miterben) deal with the estate themselves. Such a community of beneficiaries is called “Erbengemeinschaft”. The practical problem: They have to work together and most decisions must be taken unanimously (einstimmig). So if there is even one trouble-maker or busybody in the group, things can get extremely tedious and expensive, especially if you are the one co-beneficiary who does not live in Germany.
The best way to avoid getting tangled up in such a German Erbengemeinschaft (community of heirs) is not to become part of it in the first place. This can be achieved by entereing into an agreement with the other co-heir(s) in which they promise to pay you a certain amount if you, in turn, promise to renounce your share. This is called “Erbausschlaguung gegen Abfindung” (renunciation for compensation) or “taktische Erbaussschlagung” (renunciation for tactical reasons). For details about how to leave a community of heirs, also see this post.
The main advantage for you and the other co-heirs: There is one less person who needs to be involved both in German probate proceedings and in the administration of the German estate. Also, for the renunciation of an inheritance there are less strict formal requirements compared to the application for German probate. While a probate application can only be done in the presence of a German (!) notary public or German consular officer abroad, the renunciation can be recorded by a foreign notary in the USA or Britain.
However, such a renunciation must be formally declared before the statutory dealine of six weeks (if the person wishing to renounce lives in germany) and six months (if the person lives outside of Germany) has run out. So, timing is important. Also, a renunciation is no longer possible – even befire the deadline has run out – the person wishing to renounce has already communicated to the German probate court (or to third parties, for example German banks) that they have accepted the inheritance.
Our firm has drafted hundreds of such renunciation agreements (Verträge über Erbausschlagung gegen Abfindung) for international clients.
The law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German probate matters, including the representation of clients in contentious probate matters. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border inheritance case please contact German solicitor Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.
For more reliable information on Anglo-US-German probate matters and international Will preparation also see this FAQ video:
More posts on succession law and German probate by the international succession law experts of Graf & Partners LLP:
- Most Germans die without a Will (German Intestacy Rules)
- The Perils of German IHT and Gift Tax
- Basics of German Inheritance and Succession Law
- Executors and Trustees in German Inheritance Law
- How to apply for a German Grant of Probate
- The Infamous German Community of Heirs – And how to avoid it
- International Wills and Estate Planning for British-German Families
- Prove German Wills for English Probate
- Disputed Wills and Contentious Probate in Germany
- Disinherit your no-good children? Not so easy in Germany
- Don’t be afraid of Clients with Foreign Assets!
- Can foreign Taxes be set off against UK Inheritance Tax?