Then you should use this opportunity to obtain a so called “abstraktes Schuldanerkenntnis” (an autonomous acknowledgement of debt) from your German debtor. This is sometimes also called “selbstständiges Schuldanerkenntnis” or “Schuldversprechen”.
In other words: You agree to grant the debtor a moratorium (or a deferred payment) of a few weeks or months, but only under the condition that the debtor signs a Schuldanerkenntnis (a formal “I owe you”).
Such a written debt acknowledgment according to section 781 German Civil Code improves the legal position of the creditor tremendously in case the debtor still does not pay after the delayed payment deadline. Firstly, this is because you can then sue the debtor in a so called “Urkundsverfahren”, which is an accelerated procedure under section 592 German Civil Procedure Rules in court. Secondly, the debtor is no longer allowed to raise objections against the validity of the initial debt.
However, such a debt acknowledgement is only accepted in court if it is in writing, i.e. it needs to be a physical document and contain the (“wet ink”) actual signature of the debtor acknowledging the debt. Emails or scanned signatures are not valid. Thus, you need to have the debtor sign the document (ideally in your presence) and you need to then obtain the original version of that IOU for your files, because you will have to submit the original document to the German court should you later decide to sue the debtor in the accelerated Urkundsprozess.
This is a very brief and simple example of a “Schuldanerkenntnis” (obviously we do not accept any liability and do not recommend that you use such a template without obtaining proper legal counsel first).
More information on litigation and legal fees in Germany is available in these posts:
- Making a Court Claim for Money in Germany: It’s actually quite easy
- Standard of Proof in German Civil Litigation
- German Litigation Experts explain Civil Procedure Rules
- A German Claimant can’t be his own Witness
- Compensation for a wrecked Car under the German Law of Torts
- Does German Law of Torts know the Egg Shell Skull Rule?
- How expensive is a German Lawsuit?
- Expert Reports on German Law
- Forensic Accountants for German Civil Lawsuits and Business Litigation
For more on German business and corporate law see these posts:
- How to read a German Company Register Extract
- Company Forms in Germany: An Overview
- Pitfalls of German Contract Law and German Company Regulations (Part 1)
- Pitfalls of German Contract Law (Part 2)
- 3 Ways to Expand Your Business to Germany
- Establish a German Limited Company (GmbH): FAQ and Checklist
- What is a GmbH? The German Limited Liability Company explained
- What is a German “Mini GmbH” or “Unternehmergesellschaft”
- Checklist: Formation of a German Company. And then what?
- Buying a German Company: A quick Checklist
- When Starting a German Business: Don’t Forget the Trade Register Notification
- 10 Things to do when starting a German Business
- German Labour Law: Beware of Fictitious Self-Employment
- Brexit as a Business Opportunity for British SME’s
- German Business and Corporate Law Firm for British and US Clients
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Experts on German-British and German-American Legal Matters
Since 2003, the German business and corporate law firm Graf Partners LLP specialises in British-German and US-German legal cases. Our German business and corporate lawyers are native speaker level fluent in English, have many years of practical experience with clients from Britiain and the USA and are part of a well established network of law, tax and accounting firms.
Managing partner Bernhard Schmeilzl was admitted as German Rechtsanwalt (attorney at law) to the Munich Bar in 2001 and specialises in international cases ever since, with a focus on German-American and German-English commercial, corporate and also probate cases. In addition to obtaining his German legal exams with distinction, he also graduated from the English University of Leicester where he obtained his Master of Laws degree in EU Commercial Law in 2003.
In 2014, Graf Partners LLP has set up the international litigation department GP Chambers which focuses on providing professional litigation services to British and US-American clients, both on a commercial and a private client level. The Graf Partners litigation lawyers regularly appear before German law Courts throughout the country and provide specialist legal advice, support and advocacy services in all commercial and civil law matters, ranging from contract disputes, corporate litigation and employment, to damage claims, divorces and contentious probate. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border case, or if you need an expert report on German law, please call +49 941 463 7070.