How to sell inherited German Property

An English or American Executor finds that the Testator’s Estate comprises a Flat, House or Plot of Land in Germany. What now?

If the deceased owned real estate in Germany which the executor or the beneficiaries now wish to sell as soon as possible, this legal guide explains what needs to be done to sell an inherited home in Germany. The sale of the German property may be complicated further if the house or flat is currently leased to a tenant, because German law protects private tenants against termination of the lease agreement. But first things first:

(I) Obtain German Grant of Probate (Certificate of Inheritance)

From a German law perspective, the estate of the deceased is not administered by a personal representative. Instead, the estate passes directly to the heirs due to the principles of automatic inheritance (Vonselbsterwerb) and universal succession (Gesamtrechtsnachfolge). If there are several heirs, they form a community of heirs (Erbengemeinschaft) and must act unanimously. More on this here.

Unfortunately, due to the UK opting out of the EU Succession Regulation, an English Grant of Probate or a Scottish Letter of Confirmation are not accepted in Germany (and vice versa). Non-EU Grants of Probate are even less acceptable. Thus, in order to prove to the German Land Registry and to the potential buyers who is entitled to sell and transfer the German flat or house, the executors or beneficiaries will have to go through German probate. There are two options for this: (i) to apply for a Certificate of Inheritance (which is the standard approach) or (ii) to apply for a Certificate of Executorship (which is the exception in Germany). More on how to apply for German probate here.

However, since in most inheritance cases from Common Law jurisdictions the wills are usually very clear on the issue of who the executors are, but not necessarily very clear on who – in German terminology – the “heirs” are and what the heir’s respective shares and rights would be. Thus, in these Anglo-German or American-German succession cases, it is sometimes simpler to apply for a Certificate of Executorship. A Certificate of Executorship does, in contrast to the Certificate of Inheritance, not state who the beneficiaries are, but instead it only states who is entitled to administer the estate. Such a Certificate of Executorship is in most cases accepted as sufficient proof by German courts and the German land registry. However, there is a small risk that a Certificate of Inheritance (Erbschein) may be demanded to effect the sale. Still, in most international succession cases we suggest to opt for the Certificate of Executorship.

The application does involve a significant amount of paperwork and the Executor will have to swear an oath in the presence of either a German notary or – in the UK or the USA – before a German consular officer.

Our law firm prepares the necessary application wording, sends a list of required documents and arranges for certified translations of the English or American documents (wills, death certificates etc) into German. Once the executors have taken the oath, we shall send the application to the German probate court at the deceased’s last German residential address.

(II) Putting the Property on the Market / Resolve Tenant Issue

If the testator did not live in Germany himself then chances are that he or she has leased the property to tenants. Under German law, the flat can be sold even if it is currently being leased to a tenant. The lease agreement automatically transfers onto the new owner. The German legal buzz word is “Kauf bricht nicht Miete” (selling the property does not terminate lease). An investment buyer may even like the idea of the German flat being rented out. However, having a tenant inhabiting the German property does limit the number of potential buyers because, in reality, most buyers are looking to move in themselves, especially if it is a small apartment or small house in a rural German area, where no one is interested to purchase property for investment reasons.

Thus, executors and beneficiaries usually wish to end the lease agreement and remove the German tenant. Evicting such a tenant is, however, rather tricky in Germany, because private tenants are well protected under German civil law. Lease agreements are usually open ended in Germany and the owner (here the executor) needs a legitimate reason to terminate such lease agreement. The most common reasons being non-payment of the rent or a need of the owner to use the flat for himself or a family member.

The intention to sell a flat is, per se, not necessarily a reason to terminate the lease agreement, but if we can establish that with termination of the lease agreement, the owners cannot find a buyer, this should suffice. However, the burden of proof that this is indeed the case lies with the landlord.

This matter may prove difficult. The executor should therefore ask the tenants whether they would be interested to buy the flat or house themselves. If not, the best strategy is usually to simultaneously look for buyers (there may be a potential buyer who does not mind that the flat is leased out) and at the same time start the termination and eviction proceedings.

To find buyers for a German property the owners can either advertise the real estate themselves (the market leader on German internet for this is www.immobilienscout24.de), if the executor or a beneficiary is willing and able to show the flat to potential buyers. The more professional alternative will probably be to hire a local estate agent. The agent’s fees in case of a real estate sale in Germany are usually borne by the buyer. Our firm does assist with finding a reliable and English speaking German estate agent.

(III) Sale of German Property

The selling and transfer of any property in Germany must be effected through a German notary public who acts as a neutral (judge like) legal official ensuring that both parties are being protected (Legal guide to buying a house or apartment in Germany). We will be happy to find a bilingual notary and instruct him / her once we have a buyer. We will also be happy to assess the draft sale agreement and explain the content to you (Template of German Land Sale & Purchase Agreement).

The purchase price is usually paid into the notary’s fiduciary account and is distributed by the notary as soon as the new owner is registered in the Grundbuch (Local Land Registry). The sale deed also resolves any mortgage issues.

(IV) German Inheritance and possibly also Property Sales and Capital Gains Tax

Finally, there is the matter of German taxes. Whether “only” the German assets or the deceased’s global estate is subject to german Inheritance tax depends on the deceased’s nationality and residence at the time of death (The Perils of German IHT and Gift Tax). In addition, selling inherited German real estate may trigger capital gains tax (depending on how long the property had been held by the testator prior to his / her death) as well as property acquisition tax (usually only for the buyer).

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More information on buying property in Germany, the German Land Registry and conveyancing process and the rights and duties of tenants and landlords in Germany is available in these posts:

Or simply click on the sections “Property” or “Conveyancing in Germany” in the right column of this blog.

For more information on cross border probate matters and international will preparation see the below posts by the international succession law experts of Graf & Partners LLP:

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Solicitor_SchmeilzlThe law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department GP Chambers was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German probate matters, including the representation of clients in contentious probate matters.

We also advise and represent foreign clients who wish to purchase, sell or lease property in Germany. In case you would like to obtain specific advice on a specific case or need assistance in buying, selling or leasing property in Germany, please contact German solicitor Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.

English Speaking German Lawyers and Litigators based in Munich

Experienced German Legal Counsel for British and American Clients

Since 2003, the German law firm Graf Partners LLP with its headquarters in Munich specialises in British-German and US-German legal cases. Not only are the German lawyers at GP fluent in the English language, but they have many years of practical experience gained by working for commercial and private clients from Britain and the USA. From conveyancing of German property, drafting international agreements, representing foreign clients in German courtrooms and preparing expert reports and legal opinions on German law for British and American courts. We know what English and American clients expect from their German legal counsel. We do not simply explain the German law but we focus on the – sometimes very significant – differences, especially when it comes to German civil procedure rules.

Bernhard Schmeilzl_crop1Managing partner Bernhard Schmeilzl was admitted as German Rechtsanwalt (attorney at law) to the Munich Bar in 2001 and specialises in international cases ever since, especially German-American and German-English commercial and probate cases. In addition to obtaining his German legal exams with distinction, he also graduated from the English University of Leicester where he obtained his Master of Laws degree in EU Commercial Law in 2003. But do not mistake Bernhard for a German lawyer who focuses merely on German-British legal matters.

While Bernhard is well acquainted with the ways of English solicitors and barristers and their respective ways to go about a case, he is even better equipped to team up with United States attorneys at law. And this is not just from from watching the TV series Suits or Better call Saul (which he does), for that matter. Bernhard has lived, studied, coached baseball and worked in the USA on a number of occasions. His history of extended stays in the United States goes back as far as 1990 and 1993, when George Bush (the father) was President. Bernhard can therefore rely on a network of friends and business partners across the USA, especially in New York and New Jersey as well as in California.

In 2014, Graf Partners LLP has set up the international litigation department GP Chambers which focuses on providing professional litigation services to British and US-American clients, both on a commercial and a private client level. The Graf Partners litigation lawyers regularly appear before German law Courts throughout the country and provide specialist legal advice, support and advocacy services in all commercial and civil law matters, ranging from contract disputes, corporate litigation and employment, to damage claims, divorces and contentious probate.

So, if you need a German lawyer who did not just have English in school, but who really speaks your language and knows where you are coming from, contact the experts on German-American and German-British law:

gp-logoa German limited liability partnership of German lawyers admitted to the Munich Bar Association (Rechtsanwaltskammer) with the right to represent clients in all courts of law throughout Germany, registered with the District Court Munich, Partnership Register Nr. 438, represented by its managing partners Bernhard Schmeilzl and Katrin Groll.

Our central switchboard number in Germany is: +49 (0) 941 463 7070

For more information about civil litigation in Germany see these posts:

For more information on cross border probate matters and international will preparation see the below posts by the international succession law experts of Graf & Partners LLP:

More information on buying property in Germany, the German Land Registry, the German conveyancing process and the rights and duties of tenants and landlords in Germany is available in these posts:

Important Facts on German Laws of Succession and German Probate

Download the free brochure provided by the legal experts on international wills, cross border probate and British-German or US-German estate administration

German lawyer Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) specialises in British-German and American-German inheritance law ever since his admission to the German bar association in 2001.

cover-brochure-german-probateTogether with his team of British and German succession and probate law experts he has compiled an easy to understand brochure “German Probate” which provides essential information on German inheritance law to British Solicitors and US lawyers as well as executors and administrators who need to deal with assets in Germany or who are faced with having to interpret German Wills. The brochure explains German intestacy rules, formal requirements on how to set up a German Will and the basics of the inheritance tax system. It is available for download here: German-Probate-and-German-Inheritance-Tax.

Some of the legal facts on German law explained in the brochure are:

  • Under German probate law, the estate of the deceased is not administered by a personal representative. Instead, the estate passes directly to the heirs due to the principles of automatic inheritance (Vonselbsterwerb) and universal succession (Gesamtrechtsnachfolge). If there are several heirs, they form a community of heirs (Erbengemeinschaft) and must act unanimously.
  • German heirs are personally liable for all debts of the deceased! In order to avoid personal liability they need to actively renounce their inheritance within 6 weeks of notification (6 months in cross-border cases).
  • Testamentary trusts are rarely used in Germany since they do not offer any advantages like under English law.
  • Post-death variations are not accepted by the German Tax Authorities. In fact, a deed of variation is most likely to be counterproductive as it may trigger additional taxes.
  • Payment of inheritance tax is independent of the application for a German Grant of Probate. However, banks will not release funds to foreign beneficiaries unless the German Tax Authorities have issued a clearance certificate (Unbedenklichkeits-Bescheinigung).
  • Joint wills by spouses in one single document (Ehegattentestamente) and mutually binding testamentary agreements (Erbverträge) are allowed under German probate law and are commonly used.
  • The appointment of an executor in a will is possible but not very common.

For more information on cross border probate matters and international will preparation see the below posts by the international succession law experts of Graf & Partners LLP:

Or simply click on the “German Probate” section in the right column of this blog.

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Solicitor_SchmeilzlThe law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department GP Chambers was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German probate matters, including the representation of clients in contentious probate matters. We are experts ininternational succession matters, probate and inheritance law. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border inheritance case please contact German solicitor Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.

What are the German Forced Share Rules?

If German Succession Rules do apply (and this is the case more often than one might think), then the surviving spouse, the children and even the parents of the deceased do inherit a portion of the estate no matter what, i.e. even if the deceased had expressly disinherited them in his Will!

Under German law there exist strict forced share rules (Pflichtteil). In cases where the surviving spouse and/or close relatives, namely descendants or parents, have been disinherited, they are entitled to bring a pecuniary claim against the testamentary heirs. The forced share consists of 50 per cent of the pecuniary value (cash equivalent) the disinherited person would have received had the deceased died intestate, i.e. the share he or she would have been entitled to by statute. Such claims even extend to gifts made by the deceased during the last 10 years of his or her life time.

Again: it is a purely pecuniary claim that may be brought against the testamentary heirs and not a claim to a share of the actual property belonging to the estate. Thus, the better term may actually be “compulsory portion”.

Details about this German forced share and how it is calculated are explained in the post Disinherit your no-good children? Not so easy in Germany and in the free brochure on German Probate and Succession Laws: Download Brochure.

For more information on German-British probate matters and international will preparation see the below posts by the international succession law experts of Graf & Partners LLP:

Or simply click on the “German Probate” section in the right column of this blog.

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Solicitor_SchmeilzlThe law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department GP Chambers was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German probate matters, including the representation of clients in contentious probate matters. We are experts ininternational succession matters, probate and inheritance law. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border inheritance case please contact German solicitor Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.

How to Access German Assets without having to go through German Probate

There are Practical Alternatives to German Wills

German law provides for a number of legal tools which enable a testator to transfer some or all of his assets outside of the German probate rules, i.e. the transfer will then happen automatically upon the testator’s death. This has many advantages: No need for a will, nor a German grant of probate, i.e. no waiting period and no probate costs.

These tools are “conditional transfers in contemplation of death” (lebzeitige Verfügungen von Todes wegen) and are neither testamentary dispositions nor lifetime gifts. They are an ideal means for British citizens to transfer assets they may hold in Germany since their beneficiaries are not subject to German probate rules. Some of the options available under German inheritance law are:

  • Vertrag zugunsten Dritter auf den Todesfall, i.e. a provision for the benefit of a third party conditional upon the event of death.
  • Transzendentale Vollmacht, i.e. a power of attorney (power of authorisation) valid beyond death. This is a very popular legal instrument often used to avoid the need for German grant of probate.
  • aufschiebend bedingte Verfügungen / Übertragungen, i.e. a transfer of title conditional upon the event of death.

In order to avoid any misunderstanding: These transfers of assets outside of the estate are still subject to German inheritance tax and the German banks will require to see an official tax clearance certificate (more here) before releasing assets located in Germany.

cover-brochure-german-probateFor more information on German Probate, German Compulsary Share Rules and German Inheritance Tax please download our free brochure: German-Probate-and-German-Inheritance-Tax.

Or read the related post “Efficient Transfer of Foreign Assets” and the additional links listed there.

Or simply click on the “German Probate” section in the right side column of this blog.

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The law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department GP Chambers was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German probate matters, including the representation of clients in contentious probate matters. We are experts in international succession matters, probate and inheritance law. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border inheritance case please contact German solicitor Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.

Chasing Debts in Germany

Some Practical Tips from German Litigation Experts GP Chambers LLP

If you are being owed money by a German debtor and this debtor refuses to pay even after having been served a dunning letter from a German lawyer, you will have to obtain a payment order which can then be enforced by a German bailiff (Gerichtsvollzieher) or by the German Court of Execution (Vollstreckungsgericht). Such a payment order is called “Vollstreckungstitel”, or just “Titel”.

To obtain this German “Titel” you can choose between applying for a simple payment order (Mahnbescheid and Vollstreckungsbescheid) which, at least in theory, is quicker and cheaper, but only works if the defendant accepts the claim or remains passive, i.e. does not react to the Mahnbescheid at all. In most cases, therefore, the application for a simple payment order will not be successful and you will only end up losing time and warning the debtor. In the majority of cases, the better approach is to initiate regular court proceedings right away, i.e. to commence a civil law suit before a German District Court, called Amtsgericht (for claims up to EUR 5,000) or a German High Court, called Landgericht, for claims in excess of EUR 5,000.

Solicitor_SchmeilzlSince German Civil Procedure Rules do not stipulate pre-action protocols to be followed, a German civil lawsuit can (and should) be initiated immediately. In fact, you should sue the debtor, before he or she sees the lawsuit coming, because many debtors try to dodge being served official court papers by removing their name from the letter box or even by moving. If, however, you have managed to properly serve the initial statement of claim (Klageschrift) to the defendant, then the defendant is officially notified of the German court action and is an official party to the proceedings. If the defendant then disappears without leaving a forwarding address, the court will issue a default judgement (Versäumnisurteil) against the debtor, which can – like any other German civil court order – be enforced against the debtor for 30 years.

The costs of a German civil law suit are significantly lower compared to the UK, mostly because the German legal system does not have the distinction between solicitors and barristers. Instead, like in the USA, a German lawyer will handle the entire case, in and out of court, and the lawyer will also enforce the payment order.

For more information about civil litigation in Germany see these posts:

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The law firm Graf & Partners was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German legal matters.The Anglo-German litigation lawyer team of GP Chambers is well equipped to advise and represent clients from the UK and other English speaking countries. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border case, or if you need an expert report on German law, please call +49 941 463 7070 in order to contact German lawyer Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester), managing partner and head of the litigation department. Bernhard is also frequently asked by British and US Courts and Tribunals or by legal counsels to provide expert reports and legal opinions on German law.

Want to Inherit the Debts of your German Relatives?

Of course not! But inheriting Debt from a Family Member who lives abroad is not out of the Question!

The concept of inheriting debts from deceased relatives stuns people, especially lawyers, from common law jurisdictions like Britain or the USA. There the basic rule is: Personal debt dies with the borrower. The executor of the estate will attempt to sell whatever collateral there is and pay off the creditors to the extent possible. All remaining debt disappears with the deceased, i.e. everything else gets written off as a loss (unless, of course, someone co-signed for a loan or agreed to act as a guarantor).

The German concept of succession is, however, entirely different. The principle of automatic and total succession (more here) means that the entire estate, all assets and all debts automatically pass onto the heir (or the community of heirs if there is more than one beneficiary). 

In real life, of course, Germans are also not too keen on the idea of inheriting the debts of their beloved relatives. But, in contrast to heirs and beneficiaries in Britain and the USA, their German counterparts must actively renounce the inheritance to avoid becoming personally liable (details on how to do this here).

And, to make matters worse, there is a dangerously short deadline for this: 6 weeks from the day one is informed to be an heir (6 months if the heir lives outside Germany). And the renunciation must be formally declared before a German notary, German probate court or a German consular officer abroad. This means: It is a pain in the neck and it costs money.

What is even more annoying: If someone renounces his/her inheritance, then the German probate court will contact the next in line of succession. We have had cases where a dozen people had to formally sign their renunciation document before it was clear that no one was interested in the indebted German estate. It is, however, a necessary step. Otherwise you may get sued – years later – by creditors of your late parent, sinbling or uncle. Or even worse: the creditor may already possess a binding German court order against your deceased relative. This court order can now – after the renunciation deadline has expired – be used against you. No appeals allowed!

So, whatever you do: Do not simply ignore a letter coming from German probate court informing you that you have inherited in Germany. Instead, make sure you quickly find out if the estate may be indebted and then act accordingly.

For more information on German-British probate matters and international will preparation see the below posts by the international succession law experts of Graf & Partners LLP:

Or simply click on the “German Probate” section in the right column of this blog.

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Solicitor_SchmeilzlThe law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department GP Chambers was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German probate matters, including the representation of clients in contentious probate matters. We are experts ininternational succession matters, probate and inheritance law. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border inheritance case please contact German solicitor Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.

Deed of Variation and International Succession

Using a Deed of Variation to mitigate UK Inheritance Tax can backfire if there are Foreign assets or Beneficiaries outside the UK

If someone dies intestate and leaves both a surviving spouse and a child (or children), then UK inheritance tax is due if the value of the estate exceeds GBP 900,000. In these cases, it is tempting to make use of a Deed of Variation in order to “shift” all or a significant additional portion of the estate to the surviving spouse who is entitled to an unlimited spouse exemption. In purely British inheritance cases this is fine.

However, if the deceased or any of the beneficiaries is domiciled or habitually resident outside the UK, for example in Germany, the foreign inheritance tax rules must be taken into account, because then a Deed of Variation may trigger foreign IHT (in addition to UK IHT).

In Germany, as in most continental European jurisdictions, the instrument of Deed of Variation, is not accepted. In other words: While such a Deed of Variation is recognised in Germany as a binding agreement between the parties, such a Deed of Variation does not retroactively alter the IHT situation, i.e. German IHT is always being based on the actual circumstances which had existed upon the moment of death.

Therefore, if the clients decide to use such a Deed of Variation to mitigate UK IHT by “shifting” the assets to the surviving spouse, this will be considered by the German tax office as constituting a gift from child to parent, because the child effectively gives away a portion of his/her inheritance which – due to the German principle of immediate and automatic accession – he/she had already received.

Unfortunately, for such a gift from a child to a parent (upstream gift), German IHT law only grants a personal allowance of EUR 20,000 (twenty-thousand) and the exceeding amount is taxed at 15% (or 20% depending on the amount). In the opposite direction (parent to child, i.e. downstream), there is a personal allowance of EUR 400,000. Upstream lifetime gifts are obviously not considered as being worthy of significant tax allowances.

Thus, while a Deed of Variation may reduce the UK IHT, it will at the same time trigger German IHT if the amount transferred is in excess of EUR 20,000. Yet, since UK IHT is 40% and German IHT in this case only 15 or 20%, a Deed of Variation may still make economic sense. Even a “small” Deed of Variation granting the surviving spouse a specific legacy / bequest of EUR 20,000 (in addition to the statutory legacy of GBP 250,000) would reduce UK IHT by EUR 8,000.

However, one must also consider that UK IHT paid on UK assets can be deducted from any potential German IHT by way of unilateral relief, rendering the possible benefit of a deed of variation even less important from an overall tax perspective. The actual effect must therefore be calculated from an overall perspective, taking into account all national inheritance taxes.

Finally, it should be noted that a Deed of Variation transferring assets upstream goes against the general objective of transferring wealth onto the next generation (downstream). In case of a significant gift child to parents, these assets now transferred upstream will then later have to be transferred back from parent to child, which depletes the personal allowance available to the child.

Therefore, in international inheritance cases, a Deed of Variation may cause more trouble than positive effect.

For more information on German-British probate matters and international will preparation see the below posts by the international succession law experts of Graf & Partners LLP:

Or simply click on the “German Probate” section in the right column of this blog.

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Solicitor_SchmeilzlThe law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department GP Chambers was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German probate matters, including the representation of clients in contentious probate matters. We are experts ininternational succession matters, probate and inheritance law. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border inheritance case please contact German solicitor Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.

Want to become a German?

How to obtain German Citizenship

The general rule is that, in contrast to US law, German citizenship is not automatically established through birth on German territory (birthright citizenship), but by descent from a German legal mother and/or a German legal father. In addition, there are other options to acquire German citizenship, in particular naturalisation (Einbürgerung). You can find more detailed information on this website of the German Federal Office. Also, you may contact a German Mission or German Embassy near you.

The law firm Graf & Partners LLP will be happy to advise and assist in certain matters. However, please note that we cannot provide free advice but will charge legal fees based on time spent.

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Solicitor_SchmeilzlThe law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department GP Chambers was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German legal issues. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border inheritance case please contact German lawyer Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.

Everything about German Inheritance & Gift Tax at one Glance

Many of our blogposts deal with German probate and the tax implications of international inheritance cases (see list below). English solicitors and their clients are often stunned by the fact that German assets which are part of an English estate can trigger significant German inheritance and/or gift tax, in addition to UK IHT.

German IHT inheritance tax gift tax chart

German Inheritance & Gift Tax Chart

This schedule shows at one glance the German IHT tax categories (tax classes), the individual tax rates and the various personal allowances and special tax exemptions available for certain assets. As you can see, the German inheritance tax system is much more complicated compared to British IHT. Depending on who the beneficiary is, the tax actually due can be significantly lower or higher than in the UK.

For more information on German-British probate matters and international will preparation see the below posts by the international succession law experts of Graf & Partners LLP:

Or simply click on the “German Probate” section in the right column of this blog.

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Solicitor_SchmeilzlThe law firm Graf & Partners and its German-English litigation department GP Chambers was established in 2003 and has many years of experience with British-German and US-German probate matters, including the representation of clients in contentious probate matters. We are experts ininternational succession matters, probate and inheritance law. If you wish us to advise or represent you in a German or cross border inheritance case please contact German solicitor Bernhard Schmeilzl, LL.M. (Leicester) at +49 941 463 7070.